Appalachia is made up of 423 counties across 13 states and spans 206,000 square miles, from southern New York to northern Mississippi. The Region’s 26.3 million residents live in parts of Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia, and all of West Virginia.
The Region also comprises three federally recognized and five state recognized Native American Tribal Communities, with Tribal entities in Appalachian Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, New York, and North Carolina.
Appalachia Then and Now
Since 1965, ARC has made almost 33,000 targeted investments and invested nearly $5.3 billion in the Region, which has been matched by over $11.2 billion in other federal, state, and local funding sources.
While significant improvements have been made in key economic factors such as poverty, per capita income, and high school graduation rates, Appalachia still lags behind the rest of the nation on a number of socioeconomic indicators. In order for the Region to recover from economic disruptions, address the substance abuse crisis, and attract additional private sector investment, more work is needed.
The Appalachian Region: A Data Overview from the 2017-2021 American Community Survey, also known as “The Chartbook,” draws from the most recent American Community Survey and comparable Census Population Estimates. The report contains over 300,000 data points about Appalachia’s demographics, income, and employment, as well as education, computer access, housing, and more—all presented at regional, subregional, state, and county levels.
The Appalachian Region consists of 13 states, from southern New York to northern Mississippi. Access contact information, research, data and more for each one.
Appalachian Counties Served by ARC
From southern New York to northern Mississippi, ARC’s footprint spans includes 423 counties across 13 states. Explore the full list of Appalachian counties.
Economic Distress in Appalachian Counties
Every year, ARC applies an index-based system to classify each county in the nation according to its level of economic distress. These status designations play a key role in ARC grant awards and show how local economies are trending over time.
Tribal Communities in Appalachia
ARC’s footprint comprises three federally recognized, and five state recognized, Native American Tribal Communities. Learn more about Appalachia’s Tribal entities.
Congressional Districts in Appalachia
The Appalachian Region is represented by 26 U.S. Senators and 57 members of the U.S. House of Representatives. Learn more about Appalachia’s congressional districts.
Local Development Districts in Appalachia
Local Development Districts (LDDs) — also known as Area Development Districts (ADDs), Council of Governments (COGs), or Regional Planning and Development Commissions — are multi-county planning organizations facilitating community-based, regionally driven, economic development. There are 74 LDDs in the Appalachian Region.