Birth and Death of Manufacturing Plants and Restructuring in Appalachia’s Industrial Economy, 1963–1992: Evidence from the Longitudinal Research Database

Author(s): J. Bradford Jensen
Author Organization(s): H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management, Carnegie Mellon Census Research Data Center, Carnegie Mellon University

This report paints a statistical portrait of Appalachia’s manufacturing sector, focusing on the rate of entry and exit of new and old establishments, the pay and productivity characteristics of plants in Appalachia, the role of branch plants in the Region, and whether there is significant variation in these measures within Appalachia. The picture is mixed: Manufacturing in Appalachia, relative to the rest of the country, looks much the same in 1992 as it did in 1967–lower wage, lower productivity, and still highly reliant on branch plants.